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6 Phrases in Your Research Paper`s Conclusion to Avoid

After working so hard on your research paper, you don’t want to end up writing a conclusion that does not do it justice. Unfortunately, by the time they reach this stage of the writing process, very few students have the patience to make a good conclusion that can stand out to the reader. Usually, students end up summarizing a few random points of their paper and stop there. 

What most students don’t know is that this part of the writing depends much more on choosing some good words rather than cramming ideas together. Naturally, there are also words that can have the opposite effect. What words can ruin the conclusion of your research paper? Read on to find out how to make a good conclusion. 

Phrases to Avoid in the Conclusion of Your Research Paper 

If you want your research paper to stand all scrutiny and convey your ideas in an efficient and convincing manner, you must avoid at all costs some formulaic and cliché phrases that not only undermine your arguments but also clutter your writing. 

To learn how to become critical of your own writing or how to write an intelligent research paper as a college student, you can rely on professional writing service like Paperell.com. This way, professional writers can assist you in your research paper task and make sure that it includes an excellent thesis, arguments, and conclusion.  

Meanwhile, make sure to avoid these phrases in your final paragraph:

Phrases that Express Beliefs, Hopes, or Feelings 

A conclusion paragraph that starts with a phrase such as “I hope”, “I believe”, or “I feel” does not belong in any way in a research paper. Research is all about facts and factual information derived from in-depth investigation and supported by evidence. Writing a strong research paper means to avoid subjective bias, and thus phrases that express personal opinions, feelings, beliefs, or hopes are not good conclusion words. 

Vague Phrases 

How to make a good conclusion if you don’t know exactly what you want to communicate? Using phrases such as “As stated previously” or “As already mentioned” are vague because it is not clear to what idea or argument you are referring to and why do you need to repeat it. This also puts the reader on the spot, forcing him to look back and see whether he missed something. Precision is key, and especially so when writing a conclusion. 

Duplicate Phrases 

To learn how to make a good conclusion you should learn to spot repetition in language. If one of the parts of a conclusion includes an argument that you copied and pasted from another chapter, your reader will immediately judge your writing as repetitive. Don’t simply copy your main points but learn to reword them and give them a fresh look so your conclusion paragraph will gain strength. Don’t forget that in college, any duplicate phrase will trigger plagiarism alarms. 

Empty Phrases 

Phrases that refer to minor points in your research do not make good conclusion words because they probably carry too little meaning or no meaning at all when put against your thesis. When writing a conclusion, you must focus on the most fundamental ideas of your research and avoid empty phrases that communicate too little. This is important because your conclusion cannot exceed a certain number of sentences. 

Your biggest challenge is to avoid irrelevant information that contributes nothing to the “big picture” that your research paper wants to express. Empty phrases distract readers and give them the equivalent of an empty calorie. Doing this at the end of your research paper will thus undermine all your previous efforts. 

Phrases That Introduce New Information 

No parts of a conclusion should introduce the reader to new information or ideas. Any last-minute addition will produce confusion and oversaturation of ideas. Every sentence in your conclusion should thus refer to previous important arguments and only present them in a brief and concise way. If you add a new important idea in conclusion, the reader will judge it as only an afterthought, dismissing its importance. 

Phrases Like “In Summary” or “In Conclusion” 

Trying to achieve a smooth transition when working towards the parts of a conclusion, most students use introductive phrases like “In summary”, “To conclude”, “To summarize”, “In conclusion”. Although convenient, these phrases are redundant to the reader. Since it’s on the last page, it’s obvious that these last paragraphs will conclude the paper. 

After struggling through the whole process of researching, outlining, and writing a paper, most students are exhausted when they reach the conclusion paragraph. Since these are the final words that the reader will remember, they must be concise and poignant. The conclusion is thus an opportunity to leave a good impression about the validity and strength of your main thesis, convincing the reader that it was something worth researching and pouring sweat into.